Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) is defined as: “the compilation and evaluation of inputs (e.g. commodities, energy), outputs (e.g. emissions into the air, depletion of non-renewable resources) and potential environmental impacts of a product system throughout its life cycle”. (cf. ISO EN NF 14040).
According to this standard, the life cycle of a product consists of “consecutive and interlinked stages of a product system, from raw material acquisition or generation of natural resources to final disposal.”
For FuturaMat’s compounds, the phases of the life cycle encompassed agricultural actors (cereal grower for Bioceres® or forestry for BioFibra®), plastics processing industry, recycling and composting networks. All these players were involved in data collection and provided the necessary information to model the life cycle analysis (LCA).